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Plato's dialectical ethics : phenomenological interpretations relating to the Philebus / Hans-Georg Gadamer; trad. with introd. Robert M. Wallace

Main Author Gadamer, Hans-George, 1900-2002 Secondary Author Wallace, Robert M. Country Estados Unidos. Publication New Haven : Yale University Press, cop. 1991 Description XXXV, 240 p. ; 22 cm ISBN 0-300-04807-6 CDU 19 PLATAO 19 GADAMER 171 162.6
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Monografia Biblioteca Vitor Aguiar e Silva
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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Plato's Dialectical Ethics, Gadamer's earliest work, has now been translated into English for the first time. This work, published in 1931 and reprinted in 1967 and 1982, is still important today, both as one of the most extensive and imaginative interpretations of Plato's Philebus and as an introduction to Gadamer's thinking, showing how his influential hermeneutics emerged from his application of his teacher Martin Heidegger's phenomenological method to classical texts and problems.

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Gadamer's project in this early work is to develop an interpretation of Plato's dialogues that establishes their continuity with the thought of both Socrates and Aristotle. Gadamer locates this continuity in Plato's dialectical technique, which preserves a link with Socrates by carrying on his concern with ethics, and attempts to demonstrate that a practical/ethical concern continues to permeate Plato's middle and later dialogues, thereby calling into question the common division of Plato's dialogues into sharply segregated periods. In situating the dialogues in relation to Aristotle, Gadamer contends that Plato's dialectic is the counterpart of Aristotle's episteme. By understanding dialectic as an integral component in the search for knowledge, Gadamer provides an important rejoinder to the critics who claim that in his later works he abandons methodical analysis by setting up an opposition between truth and method. Plato's Dialectical Ethics is of interest both for the originality of its interpretation of Plato and as Gadamer's most detailed attempt to apply his hermeneutic theory to the interpretation of a particular text.-D. Ingbretsen, University of Nevada

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Hans-Georg Gadamer is the father of contemporary philosophical hermeneutics. He was born and educated in Marburg, Germany, where he studied under Martin Heidegger. Shortly after World War II, he was appointed professor of philosophy at Heidelberg University, a position that he held for almost 20 years, until he retired in 1968. His work seeks a recovery of the Greek sense of a comprehensive and coherent worldview, which he believes has been lost in the fragmentation of modern industrial culture. Gadamer has written major studies of Plato, Aristotle, and Georg Hegel. He is known for opposing science as it is developed and valued in Enlightenment thought.

Gadamer's major contribution has been his work in hermeneutics, an approach that seeks to liberate the humanistic interpretation of experience from the strictures of science and technology, challenging the doctrine that truth is correspondence between an external fact and an idea in the mind of a subject. In place of mechanistic perspectives that regard nature as nothing but raw material for human manipulation, philosophical hermeneutics aims to develop a broader interpretation of experience by showing that all experience is conditioned by history. Thus, various investigations of the same subject can lead to different conclusions. Only interpretation provides the means to understand how this can occur and also to open culture once again to the voices of art. As developed by Gadamer, hermeneutics engages tradition critically so that culture can become alert to its own moral horizons and thereby restore a continuity of thought and practice.

(Bowker Author Biography)

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