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The age of sustainable development / Jeffrey D. Sachs; foreword by Ban Ki-Moon

Main Author Sachs, Jeffrey D. Secondary Author Ki-Moon, Ban Country Estados Unidos. Publication New York : Columbia University Press, 2015 Description XVI, 543 p. : il. ; 23 cm ISBN 978-0-231-17315-5 CDU 338 504.06
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Monografia Biblioteca Geral da Universidade do Minho
BGUM 338 - S Available 472732
Monografia Biblioteca Geral da Universidade do Minho
BGUM 338 - S Available 472733

Mestrado em Economia Desenvolvimento Sustentável e Transformação Digital 1º semestre

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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Jeffrey D. Sachs is one of the world's most perceptive and original analysts of global development. In this major new work he presents a compelling and practical framework for how global citizens can use a holistic way forward to address the seemingly intractable worldwide problems of persistent extreme poverty, environmental degradation, and political-economic injustice: sustainable development.

Sachs offers readers, students, activists, environmentalists, and policy makers the tools, metrics, and practical pathways they need to achieve Sustainable Development Goals. Far more than a rhetorical exercise, this book is designed to inform, inspire, and spur action. Based on Sachs's twelve years as director of the Earth Institute at Columbia University, his thirteen years advising the United Nations secretary-general on the Millennium Development Goals, and his recent presentation of these ideas in a popular online course, The Age of Sustainable Development is a landmark publication and clarion call for all who care about our planet and global justice.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Foreword (p. xi)
  • Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations
  • Preface (p. xiii)
  • Acknowledgments (p. xv)
  • 1 Introduction to Sustainable Development (p. 1)
  • I What Is Sustainable Development? (p. 1)
  • II An Introduction to Economic Growth (p. 14)
  • III Continuing Poverty in the Midst of Plenty (p. 27)
  • IV Global Environmental Threats Caused by Economic Development (p. 34)
  • v Pathways to Sustainable Development (p. 42)
  • 2 An Unequal World (p. 45)
  • I Incomes Around the World (p. 45)
  • II Urban-Rural Inequality (p. 50)
  • III Income Inequality Within Countries (p. 55)
  • IV Measuring Wellbeing (p. 60)
  • V Convergence or Divergence? (p. 66)
  • 3 A Brief History of Economic Development (p. 71)
  • I The Age of Modern Economic Growth (p. 71)
  • II The Industrial Revolution Begins in England (p. 74)
  • III The Great Waves of Technological Change (p. 79)
  • IV The Diffusion of Economic Growth (p. 86)
  • V Economic Development Since World War II: The Making of Globalization (p. 92)
  • 4 Why Some Countries Developed While Others Stayed Poor (p. 101)
  • I The Idea of Clinical Economics (p. 101)
  • II A Further Look at Geography-Transport, Energy, Disease, and Crops (p. 109)
  • III The Role of Culture-Demography, Education, and Gender (p. 121)
  • IV The Role of Politics (p. 129)
  • V Which Countries Are Still Stuck in Poverty? (p. 135)
  • 5 Ending Extreme Poverty (p. 139)
  • I The Reasons to Believe That Extreme Poverty Can Be Ended (p. 139)
  • II Strategies to End Extreme Poverty (p. 149)
  • III South Asia-the Continuing Challenge of Food Supply (p. 159)
  • IV A Closer Look at Official Development Assistance (p. 171)
  • V Designing Practical Interventions-the Case of the Millennium Villages (p. 175)
  • 6 Planetary Boundaries (p. 181)
  • I Planetary Boundaries (p. 182)
  • II Growth Dynamics (p. 194)
  • III The Case of Energy (p. 200)
  • IV The Case of Food (p. 204)
  • V Population Dynamics and Sustainable Development (p. 208)
  • VI Economic Growth Within Planetary Boundaries (p. 214)
  • 7 Social Inclusion (p. 219)
  • I The Ethics of Wealth, Poverty, and Inequality (p. 219)
  • II United Nations Declarations, Covenants, and the MDGs (p. 228)
  • III Divided Societies (p. 232)
  • IV Forces of Widening Inequalities (p. 239)
  • V Gender Inequality (p. 244)
  • 8 Education For All (p. 251)
  • I Life Cycle Approach to Human Development (p. 251)
  • II Early Childhood Development (p. 256)
  • III The Rising Returns of Education and the Supply Response (p. 263)
  • IV Social Mobility (p. 267)
  • V The Role of Higher Education in Technological Advance (p. 271)
  • 9 Health For All (p. 275)
  • I Universal Health Coverage (p. 275)
  • II Poverty and Disease (p. 287)
  • III Designing and Financing Primary Health Systems in Low-Income Countries (p. 295)
  • IV Ten Recommended Steps to Health for All in the Poorest Countries (p. 301)
  • V The Continuing Challenges of Health Coverage in the High-Income Countries (p. 305)
  • 10 Food Security (p. 317)
  • I Sustainable Food Supply and the End of Hunger (p. 317)
  • II Farm Systems, Ecology, and Food Security (p. 327)
  • III How Environmental Change Threatens the Food System (p. 334)
  • IV How the Food System Threatens the Environment (p. 338)
  • V Toward a Sustainable Global Food Supply (p. 347)
  • 11 Resilient Cities (p. 355)
  • I The Patterns of Urbanization Around the World (p. 355)
  • II What Makes a City Sustainable, Green, and Resilient? (p. 366)
  • III Smart Infrastructure (p. 369)
  • IV Urban Resilience (p. 378)
  • V Planning Sustainable Development (p. 385)
  • 12 Climate Change (p. 393)
  • I The Basic Science of Climate Change (p. 393)
  • II The Consequences of Human-Induced Climate Change (p. 406)
  • III Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions to Limit Global Warming to Two Degrees Celsius (p. 414)
  • IV Adaptation (p. 433)
  • V The Politics of Carbon Dioxide Mitigation (p. 440)
  • 13 Saving Biodiversity and Protecting Ecosystem Services (p. 447)
  • I What Is Biodiversity? (p. 447)
  • II Biodiversity Under Threat (p. 453)
  • III Oceans and Fisheries (p. 459)
  • IV Deforestation (p. 469)
  • V International Dynamics (p. 474)
  • 14 Sustainable Development Goals (p. 481)
  • I The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (p. 481)
  • II Goal-Based Development (p. 489)
  • III Financing for Sustainable Development (p. 496)
  • IV Principles of Good Governance (p. 502)
  • V Is Sustainable Development Feasible? (p. 505)
  • Bibliography (p. 513)
  • Index (p. 521)

Reviews provided by Syndetics

Library Journal Review

This book is a comprehensive introduction to the field of sustainable development by one of its leading scholars, advocates, and practitioners, Sachs (Quetelet Professor of Sustainable Development, also health policy and management, Columbia Univ.; director, United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network; The End of Poverty). Sustainable development refers to balancing economic development, environmental sustainability, and social inclusion-all topics on which Sachs has written extensively. The work begins with an overview and history of development, includes chapters on several specific facets of sustainable development-including biodiversity and climate change-and concludes by advancing ten related goals. These move beyond the UN's Millennium Development Goals to include management of natural resources and transformation of governance. Sachs covers a wide range of topics in considerable depth. Many colorful graphs and maps supplement the technical material. The author's prescriptions for sustainable development stand in contrast to the more pessimistic views of aid expressed by William Easterly in The White Man's Burden and the focus on individual decisions by Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo in Poor Economics. VERDICT A synthesis and update of Sachs's work that also serves as an excellent comprehensive introduction. Recommended.-Jennifer M. Miller, Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles © Copyright 2015. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Publishers Weekly Review

Sachs (The End of Poverty), an economist and director of Columbia University's Earth Institute, argues that it's time for humankind to reconcile its needs with those of the planet, in this sprawling manifesto. He surveys the great dilemma facing civilization: how to ensure broadly inclusive economic growth, especially in the poorest countries, without destroying the natural environment and deranging the climate on which survival depends. Deploying clear, straightforward prose and a wealth of statistics-the book's countless tables and graphs are an eye-opening education in themselves-he follows the threads of this knotty problem from their scientific and economic roots to their potential solutions in new technologies and a mix of market dynamics and vigorous government action. Sachs balances alarming forecasts with signs of progress, giving brief, even-handed rundowns of policy prescriptions such as carbon taxes, foreign aid to help Africa escape its "poverty trap," and reforms of America's hideously expensive private health-care system. The overstuffed book suffers from a scope that precludes detailed analysis of the many contentious debates over sustainability policies and technologies, particularly in its inadequate assessments of the pros and cons of wind, solar, and nuclear power. Still, Sachs's overview demonstrates the seriousness of the sustainability crisis while illuminating workable paths to resolving it. Maps and photos. (Mar.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.


In a book of incredible breadth, Sachs (Columbia Univ.) delivers a sobering account of the impact of human activity upon the balance of life on Earth. Using metrics and diagrams from his own and others' research, he offers an accessible entry into the literature on sustainable development. However, readers should not expect to find theoretical analyses of the ultimate causes of the world economy's unsustainable trajectory. Instead, they will be exposed to empirical descriptions of the growing impact of human systems upon their natural environment and prescriptions to reverse current trends. The author relies impressively upon economics, political science, demography, sociology, and ecology to illustrate situations of global poverty, environmental stress, and unequal economic opportunities. Furthermore, Sachs draws from his experience as a UN adviser to express cautious optimism in the ability of the world to move toward the Sustainable Development Goals crafted in Rio in 2012. Overall, Sachs's book provides a basic but ambitious argument: to reverse current unsustainable trends, global warming must be mitigated, extreme poverty must end, gender imbalance must be corrected, and access to basic health care and education must be granted to all. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-division undergraduates and above; general readers. --Quentin M. Duroy, Denison University

Booklist Review

*Starred Review* Forecasting Change You can glean a fair sense of the scope of economist Jeffrey D. Sachs' expertise and concerns simply by listing his best-selling books: The End of Poverty (2005), Common Wealth (2008), The Price of Civilization (2011). Clues abound in his professional titles, too. At Columbia University he is director of the Earth Institute, Quetelet Professor of Sustainable Development, and Professor of Health Policy and Management. He also serves as special adviser to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the UN, who provides a bracing yet encouraging foreword to Sachs' most comprehensive and prescriptive book to date. All that Sachs has learned and experienced during 30 years of geopolitical endeavors shape and animate this richly informative and clarifying look at sustainable development what it is, why we need it, and how we can attain it. Here's the central question: Is there a way to change course, a way to combine economic development with environmental sustainability? The symbiosis between economics and ecology, most urgently between unchecked capitalism and global warming, has been examined by such environmental writers as Bill McKibben (Deep Economy, 2007) and Naomi Klein (This Changes Everything, 2014). Now Sachs brings a battery of hard data to the increasingly pragmatic conversation about sustainability versus business as usual. In this large, methodically argued volume, Sachs reveals the full extent of the global predicament of worsening income inequality, poverty, and hunger in an age of rapidly decreasing natural resources, from groundwater to biodiversity. He also tracks precisely how large-scale economic activity is changing the Earth's climate, water cycle, nitrogen cycle, and even its ocean chemistry. And he makes it crystal-clear that environmental crises are being felt by the rich and poor alike. The Age of Sustainable Development is a weighty book from a university press, replete with acronyms and charts. But the former are useful enough and the latter, accompanied by fascinating maps and photographs, are genuinely illustrative, often dramatic. And Sachs' prose is far from academic; heck, he even uses exclamation points! As in, . . .for a species that depends on the beneficence of nature, . . . we are doing a poor job of protecting the physical basis of our very survival! Sachs makes his case with numbers, but he fully elucidates the economic measurements he employs, and his focus is wholly ethical, his approach holistic. Sustainable development, as he emphasizes throughout this detailed presentation, requires both scientifically and morally based problem solving. It must entail social inclusion and equality, good governance in both the public and private sectors, and a wave of sustainable technologies . . . to relieve massive human pressures and human-caused destruction of the Earth's ecosystems. The title of this foundational resource is meant to be hopeful and persuasive. There is no question that working toward sustainable development is the overarching challenge and responsibility of humankind, and the only way forward is to cultivate awareness, education, and motivation. Sachs' mammoth inquiry can be overwhelming as he reveals one shocking reality after another, but this is also a book that erodes complacency, disbelief, and fatalism. And Sachs does map a way forward, both in procedural terms and inspirationally. In closing, he quotes one of his heroes, President John F. Kennedy, who said in his Peace Speech on June 10, 1963, No problem of human destiny is beyond human beings. Man's reason and spirit have often solved the seemingly unsolvable, and we believe they can do it again. . . So let us not be blind to our differences, but let us also direct attention to our common interests and the means by which those differences can be resolved. Sweeping, enlightening, affecting, and invaluable, The Age of Sustainable Development should be available to everyone and consulted repeatedly.--Seaman, Donna Copyright 2015 Booklist

Kirkus Book Review

A leading economist offers a brilliant analysis of the worldwide need to balance economic development and environmental sustainability.Sustainable development is "the greatest, most complicated challenge humanity has ever faced," writes Sachs (Sustainable Development, Health Policy and Management/Columbia Univ.; To Move the World: JFK's Quest for Peace, 2013, etc.). In an important, comprehensive and remarkably accessible booka standout in a sea of jargon-laden titles that fail to explain and vivify this enormously complex topicthe author writes lucidly about a staggering array of intertwined challenges, including poverty, overpopulation, species extinction, overextraction from oceans, urbanization, social mobility and climate change. Sachs stresses that sustainable development is "inherently an exercise in problem solving," and he calls for a holistic approach and new ideas to produce "prosperous, inclusive, sustainable, and well-governed societies." He explains the history of world economic development, the factors that help make some nations more impoverished than others (such as the landlocked nature of much of Africa), the science of climate change, how technical advances have fostered the depletion of ocean fisheries, the "unfinished business" of social mobility, and the pressing need for sustainable technologies and higher farm yields (especially in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia). In each instance, the author offers telling details and anecdotes accompanied by useful charts, maps and photographs that drive home his points. Two photos of Shenzhen, China, taken three decades apart, convey the astonishing growth of that major southern city. Examining each aspect of his topic in detail within the context of the Sustainable Development Goals formulated at the Rio+20 Summit in 2012, Sachs argues that solutions are feasible and affordable, despite strong opposition by vested interests and the inaction of governments. Required reading for policymakers and students, and general readers will finish the book realizing they actually understand what sustainable development is all about. Copyright Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Jeffrey D. Sachs is a world-renowned economics professor, leader in sustainable development, senior UN advisor, best-selling author, and syndicated columnist. He serves as the director of the Earth Institute, Quetelet Professor of Sustainable Development, and professor of health policy and management at Columbia University. He is special advisor to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations on the Millennium Development Goals, and he held the same position under Secretary-General Kofi Annan. He is director of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network as well as cofounder and director of the Millennium Villages Project. He has authored three New York Times best-sellers in the past seven years: The End of Poverty ; Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet ; and The Price of Civilization . His most recent book is To Move the World: JFK's Quest for Peace .

Ban Ki-moon is the secretary-general of the United Nations, an office he assumed in 2007. He was previously the foreign minister of the Republic of Korea.

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