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Principles of polymer processing / Zehev Tadmor, Costas G. Gogos

Main Author Tadmor, Zehev, 1937- Coauthor Gogos, Costas G. Country Estados Unidos. Edition 2nd ed Publication New York : John Wiley, cop. 2006 Description XVI, 961 p. : il. ; 27 cm ISBN 0-471-38770-3 CDU 678
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Monografia Biblioteca da UMinho no Campus de Azurém
BPG 678 - T Available 375029

Mestrado Integrado em Engenharia de Polímeros Processamento de Polímeros I 1º semestre

Mestrado Integrado em Engenharia de Materiais Processamento de Polímeros I 1º semestre

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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Thoroughly revised edition of the classic text on polymer processing

The Second Edition brings the classic text on polymer processing thoroughly up to date with the latest fundamental developments in polymer processing, while retaining the critically acclaimed approach of the First Edition. Readers are provided with the complete panorama of polymer processing, starting with fundamental concepts through the latest current industry practices and future directions. All the chapters have been revised and updated, and four new chapters have been added to introduce the latest developments.

Readers familiar with the First Edition will discover a host of new material, including:
* Blend and alloy microstructuring
* Twin screw-based melting and chaotic mixing mechanisms
* Reactive processing
* Devolatilization--theory, mechanisms, and industrial practice
* Compounding--theory and industrial practice
* The increasingly important role of computational fluid mechanics
* A systematic approach to machine configuration design

The Second Edition expands on the unique approach that distinguishes it from comparative texts. Rather than focus on specific processing methods, the authors assert that polymers have a similar experience in any processing machine and that these experiences can be described by a set of elementary processing steps that prepare the polymer for any of the shaping methods. On the other hand, the authors do emphasize the unique features of particular polymer processing methods and machines, including the particular elementary step and shaping mechanisms and geometrical solutions.

Replete with problem sets and a solutions manual for instructors, this textbook is recommended for undergraduate and graduate students in chemical engineering and polymer and materials engineering and science. It will also prove invaluable for industry professionals as a fundamental polymer processing analysis and synthesis reference.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • 1 History, Structural Formulation of the Field Through Elementary Steps, and Future Perspectives
  • 1.1 Historical Notes
  • 1.2 Current Polymer Processing Practice
  • 1.3 Analysis of Polymer Processing in Terms of Elementary Steps and Shaping Methods
  • 1.4 Future Perspectives: From Polymer Processing to Macromolecular Engineering
  • 2 The Balance Equations and Newtonian Fluid Dynamics
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 The Balance Equations
  • 2.3 Reynolds Transport Theorem
  • 2.4 The Macroscopic Mass Balance and the Equation of Continuity
  • 2.5 The Macroscopic Linear Momentum Balance and the Equation of Motion
  • 2.6 The Stress Tensor
  • 2.7 The Rate of Strain Tensor
  • 2.8 Newtonian Fluids
  • 2.9 The Macroscopic Energy Balance and the Bernoulli and Thermal Energy Equations
  • 2.10 Mass Transport in Binary Mixtures and the Diffusion Equation
  • 2.11 Mathematical Modeling, Common Boundary Conditions, Common Simplifying Assumptions, and the Lubrication Approximation
  • 3 Polymer Rheology and Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
  • 3.1 Rheological Behavior, Rheometry, and Rheological Material Functions of Polymer Melts
  • 3.2 Experimental Determination of the Viscosity and Normal Stress Difference Coefficients
  • 3.3 Polymer Melt Constitutive Equations Based on Continuum Mechanics
  • 3.4 Polymer Melt Constitutive Equations Based on Molecular Theories
  • 4 The Handling and Transporting of Polymer Particulate Solids
  • 4.1 Some Unique Properties of Particulate Solids
  • 4.2 Agglomeration
  • 4.3 Pressure Distribution in Bins and Hoppers
  • 4.4 Flow and Flow Instabilities in Hoppers
  • 4.5 Compaction
  • 4.6 Flow in Closed Conduits
  • 4.7 Mechanical Displacement Flow
  • 4.8 Steady Mechanical Displacement Flow Aided by Drag
  • 4.9 Steady Drag-induced Flow in Straight Channels
  • 4.10 The Discrete Element Method
  • 5 Melting
  • 5.1 Classification and Discussion of Melting Mechanisms
  • 5.2 Geometry, Boundary Conditions, and Physical Properties in Melting
  • 5.3 Conduction Melting without Melt Removal
  • 5.4 Moving Heat Sources
  • 5.5 Sintering
  • 5.6 Conduction Melting with Forced Melt Removal
  • 5.7 Drag-induced Melt Removal
  • 5.8 Pressure-induced Melt Removal
  • 5.9 Deformation Melting
  • 6 Pressurization and Pumping
  • 6.1 Classification of Pressurization Methods
  • 6.2 Synthesis of Pumping Machines from Basic Principles
  • 6.3 The Single Screw Extruder Pump
  • 6.4 Knife and Roll Coating, Calenders, and Roll Mills
  • 6.5 The Normal Stress Pump
  • 6.6 The Co-rotating Disk Pump
  • 6.7 Positive Displacement Pumps
  • 6.8 Twin Screw Extruder Pumps
  • 7 Mixing
  • 7.1 Basic Concepts and Mixing Mechanisms
  • 7.2 Mixing Equipment and Operations of Multicomponent and Multiphase Systems
  • 7.3 Distribution Functions
  • 7.4 Characterization of Mixtures
  • 7.5 Computational Analysis
  • 8 Devolatilization
  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Devolatilization Equipment
  • 8.3 Devolatilization Mechanisms
  • 8.4 Thermodynamic Considerations of Devolatilization
  • 8.5 Diffusivity of Low Molecular Weight Components in Molten Polymers
  • 8.6 Boiling Phenomena: Nucleation
  • 8.7 Boiling-Foaming Mechanisms of Polymeric Melts
  • 8.8 Ultrasound-enhanced Devolatilization
  • 8.9 Bubble Growth
  • 8.10 Bubble Dynamics and Mass Transfer in Shear Flow
  • 8.11 Scanning Electron Microscopy Studies of Polymer Melt Devolatilization
  • 9 Single Rotor Machines
  • 9.1 Modeling of Processing Machines Using Elementary Steps
  • 9.2 The Single Screw Melt Extrusion Process
  • 9.3 The Single Screw Plasticating Extrusion Process
  • 9.4 The Co-rotating Disk Plasticating Processor
  • 10 Twin Screw and Twin Rotor Processing Equipment
  • 10.1 Types of Twin Screw and Twin Rotor-based Machines
  • 10.2 C

Reviews provided by Syndetics


The long-awaited new edition (1st ed., CH, Nov'79) of Principles of Polymer Processing provides an extensive discussion of all relevant topics. Building from a concise historical introduction and mathematically rigorous transport and flow discussions, Tadmor (Technion-Israel Institute of Technology) and Gogos (New Jersey Institute of Technology) systematically address the key components of processing in a unit-structured approach. The 15 chapters, each with a plethora of equations and focused problems, provide an excellent resource for all engineering aspects of polymer processing. A great number of graphs and figures add clarity and depth to the text. Occasional use of color throughout helps to better convey the complex processes and to illustrate the results of the various processes and techniques. The appendixes add greatly to the overall comprehensive nature and utility. Appendix A, by Victor Tan, provides extensive rheological and thermophysical data of great use to CAD/CAM analysis of new or planned process equipment. Appendixes B and C broadly cover units, conversion factors, notations, and key acronyms. Usable as a two-semester advanced undergraduate or graduate course resource, Processing is also of great value to practitioners since it enables reasoned consideration and analysis of alternative processing methods for disparate products. ^BSumming Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals; two-year technical program students. S. M. Pilgrim Alfred University

Author notes provided by Syndetics

ZEHEV TADMOR, DSc, is Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering and President Emeritus of Technion--Israel Institute of Technology. He is member of the Israeli Academy of Science and Humanities, a foreign member of the National Academy of Engineering (U.S.A.), and the Chairman of the Samuel Neaman Institute for Advanced Studies in Science and Technology, Technion.

COSTAS G. GOGOS, PhD, is Distinguished Research Professor in the Otto York Chemical Engineering Department, New Jersey Institute of Technology, and Chemical Engineering Professor Emeritus, Stevens Institute of Technology. He is also Chairman of the Board and President Emeritus of the Polymer Processing Institute.

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