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Experimental methodology / Larry B. Christensen

Main Author Christensen, Larry B., 1941- Country Estados Unidos. Edition 9th ed Publication Boston : Pearson Education, cop. 2004 Description XVIII, 494 p. : il. ; 24 cm ISBN 0-205-39369-1 CDU 159.9.07
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Holdings
Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds
Monografia Biblioteca Geral da Universidade do Minho
BGUM 159.9.07 - C Available 337280
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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

This text presents a reader-friendly introduction to the basic principles of experimental and non-experimental psychological research. Experimental Methodology is organized so that each chapter focuses on a specific step in the research process. This text provides an instruction in the experimental research and an introduction to non-experimental approaches such as ex-post facto research, correlational research, and survey research. - New Chapter 7 Validity in Experimental Research combines coverage of external and internal validity. Combines Chapter 7 Control in Experimentation and Chapter 14 External Validity from last edition. - Incorporates the new APA code of ethics as in pertains to research. - Chapter opening Learning Objectives have been replaced with Visual Overviews to give students a visual overview of the upcoming material. - New end of chapter mini-quizzes help students review material. - Online study questions written by author. - Incorporates both quantitative and qualitative research to give students a balanced perspective. - Chapter-opening vignettes focus on current events to demonstrate the real-life relevance of psychological research. - Study questions.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Preface (p. ix)
  • Chapter 1 What Is Science? (p. 1)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 1)
  • Introduction (p. 3)
  • Methods of Acquiring Knowledge (p. 4)
  • Science (p. 10)
  • Advantage of the Scientific Method (p. 13)
  • Characteristics of the Scientific Approach (p. 13)
  • Objectives of Science (p. 18)
  • Basic Assumptions Underlying Science (p. 20)
  • Method versus Technique (p. 22)
  • The Role of Theory in Science (p. 24)
  • The Role of the Scientist in Science (p. 25)
  • Summary (p. 27)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 28)
  • Chapter 2 Nonexperimental Research Approaches (p. 30)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 30)
  • Introduction (p. 32)
  • Nonexperimental Quantitative Research (p. 33)
  • Qualitative Research (p. 50)
  • Summary (p. 58)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 59)
  • Chapter 3 The Experimental Research Approach (p. 60)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 60)
  • Introduction (p. 61)
  • Causation (p. 62)
  • The Psychological Experiment (p. 66)
  • Experimental Research Settings (p. 72)
  • Summary (p. 74)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 75)
  • Chapter 4 Problem Identification and Hypothesis Formation (p. 76)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 76)
  • Introduction (p. 78)
  • Sources of Research Ideas (p. 78)
  • Gender Bias in Research Ideas (p. 82)
  • Ideas Not Capable of Scientific Investigation (p. 83)
  • Review of the Literature (p. 83)
  • Feasibility of the Study (p. 93)
  • Formulating the Research Problem (p. 94)
  • Formulating Hypotheses (p. 95)
  • Summary (p. 98)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 98)
  • Chapter 5 Ethics (p. 100)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 100)
  • Introduction (p. 102)
  • Research Ethics: What Are They? (p. 103)
  • Ethical Dilemmas (p. 108)
  • Development of the APA Code of Ethics (p. 113)
  • Ethical Principles (p. 114)
  • Issues Raised by the Code of Ethics (p. 123)
  • Ethics of Animal Research (p. 134)
  • Summary (p. 141)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 142)
  • Chapter 6 Variables Used in Experimentation (p. 143)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 143)
  • Introduction (p. 144)
  • Types of Variables (p. 145)
  • The Independent Variable (p. 146)
  • The Dependent Variable (p. 160)
  • Summary (p. 168)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 169)
  • Chapter 7 Control in Experimentation (p. 170)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 170)
  • Introduction (p. 171)
  • Control of Extraneous Variables (p. 173)
  • Extraneous Variables to Be Controlled (p. 174)
  • Research Participant and Experimenter Effects to Be Controlled (p. 181)
  • Sequencing Effect to Be Controlled (p. 191)
  • Additional Extraneous Variables to Be Held Constant (p. 192)
  • Summary (p. 193)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 194)
  • Chapter 8 Techniques for Achieving Constancy (p. 195)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 195)
  • Introduction (p. 197)
  • Randomization (p. 197)
  • Matching (p. 203)
  • Counterbalancing (p. 212)
  • Control of Participant Effects (p. 218)
  • Control of Experimenter Effects (p. 223)
  • Likelihood of Achieving Control (p. 228)
  • Summary (p. 228)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 230)
  • Chapter 9 Experimental Research Design (p. 231)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 231)
  • Introduction (p. 233)
  • Faulty Research Design (p. 234)
  • Requirements of True Research Designs (p. 238)
  • Pretesting Participants (p. 240)
  • True Research Designs (p. 242)
  • Choice of a Research Design (p. 256)
  • Summary (p. 258)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 259)
  • Chapter 10 Quasi-Experimental Designs (p. 260)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 260)
  • Introduction (p. 262)
  • Nonequivalent Control Group Design (p. 263)
  • Time-Series Design (p. 271)
  • Summary (p. 276)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 276)
  • Chapter 11 Single-Case Research Designs (p. 260)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 277)
  • Introduction (p. 279)
  • Single-Case Designs (p. 281)
  • A-B-A Design (p. 282)
  • Interaction Design (p. 286)
  • Multiple-Baseline Design (p. 290)
  • Changing-Criterion Design (p. 294)
  • Methodological Considerations in Using Single-Case Designs (p. 296)
  • Criteria for Evaluating Change (p. 299)
  • Rival Hypotheses (p. 301)
  • Summary (p. 302)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 303)
  • Chapter 12 Data Collection (p. 304)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 304)
  • Introduction (p. 306)
  • Research Participants (p. 306)
  • Sample Size (p. 309)
  • Apparatus (p. 311)
  • Instructions (p. 314)
  • Scheduling of Research Participants (p. 314)
  • Procedure (p. 315)
  • Institutional Approval (p. 317)
  • Data Collection (p. 318)
  • Consent to Participate (p. 318)
  • Debriefing, or Postexperimental Interview (p. 320)
  • Summary (p. 323)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 324)
  • Chapter 13 Hypothesis Testing (p. 325)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 325)
  • Introduction (p. 327)
  • Testing the Hypothesis (p. 328)
  • The Mean (p. 329)
  • Standard Deviation (p. 330)
  • Selection of a Statistical Test (p. 332)
  • Independent Samples t-Test (p. 334)
  • Significance Level (p. 335)
  • Analysis of Variance (p. 338)
  • Potential Errors in the Statistical Decision-Making Process (p. 354)
  • Summary (p. 356)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 357)
  • Chapter 14 External Validity (p. 358)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 358)
  • Introduction (p. 360)
  • Population Validity (p. 360)
  • Ecological Validity (p. 364)
  • Temporal Validity (p. 367)
  • Relationship Between Internal and External Validity (p. 370)
  • Cautions in Evaluating the External Validity of Experiments (p. 371)
  • Summary (p. 374)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 375)
  • Chapter 15 The Research Report (p. 376)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 376)
  • Introduction (p. 377)
  • The APA Format (p. 379)
  • Preparation of the Research Report (p. 407)
  • Appendixes (p. 419)
  • References (p. 425)
  • Index (p. 445)

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