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Experimental methodology / Larry B. Christensen

Main Author Christensen, Larry B., 1941- Country Estados Unidos. Edition 8th ed Publication Boston : Allyn and Bacon, cop. 2001 Description XII, 452 p. ; 24 cm ISBN 0-205-30832-5 CDU 159.9.07
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Holdings
Item type Current location Call number Status Date due Barcode Item holds Course reserves
Monografia Biblioteca Geral da Universidade do Minho
BGUMD 88501 Available 316089

Mestrado Integrado em Psicologia Métodos de Investigação em Psicologia 1º semestre

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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

This introduction to the basic principles of psychological research is organized so that each chapter focuses on a specific step in the research process. The eighth edition features discussion of quantitative and qualitative research with quantitative research divided into both experimental and non-

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Preface (p. ix)
  • Chapter 1 What Is Science? (p. 1)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 1)
  • Introduction (p. 3)
  • Methods of Acquiring Knowledge (p. 4)
  • Science (p. 10)
  • Advantage of the Scientific Method (p. 13)
  • Characteristics of the Scientific Approach (p. 13)
  • Objectives of Science (p. 18)
  • Basic Assumptions Underlying Science (p. 20)
  • Method versus Technique (p. 22)
  • The Role of Theory in Science (p. 24)
  • The Role of the Scientist in Science (p. 25)
  • Summary (p. 27)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 28)
  • Chapter 2 Nonexperimental Research Approaches (p. 30)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 30)
  • Introduction (p. 32)
  • Nonexperimental Quantitative Research (p. 33)
  • Qualitative Research (p. 50)
  • Summary (p. 58)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 59)
  • Chapter 3 The Experimental Research Approach (p. 60)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 60)
  • Introduction (p. 61)
  • Causation (p. 62)
  • The Psychological Experiment (p. 66)
  • Experimental Research Settings (p. 72)
  • Summary (p. 74)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 75)
  • Chapter 4 Problem Identification and Hypothesis Formation (p. 76)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 76)
  • Introduction (p. 78)
  • Sources of Research Ideas (p. 78)
  • Gender Bias in Research Ideas (p. 82)
  • Ideas Not Capable of Scientific Investigation (p. 83)
  • Review of the Literature (p. 83)
  • Feasibility of the Study (p. 93)
  • Formulating the Research Problem (p. 94)
  • Formulating Hypotheses (p. 95)
  • Summary (p. 98)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 98)
  • Chapter 5 Ethics (p. 100)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 100)
  • Introduction (p. 102)
  • Research Ethics: What Are They? (p. 103)
  • Ethical Dilemmas (p. 108)
  • Development of the APA Code of Ethics (p. 113)
  • Ethical Principles (p. 114)
  • Issues Raised by the Code of Ethics (p. 123)
  • Ethics of Animal Research (p. 134)
  • Summary (p. 141)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 142)
  • Chapter 6 Variables Used in Experimentation (p. 143)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 143)
  • Introduction (p. 144)
  • Types of Variables (p. 145)
  • The Independent Variable (p. 146)
  • The Dependent Variable (p. 160)
  • Summary (p. 168)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 169)
  • Chapter 7 Control in Experimentation (p. 170)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 170)
  • Introduction (p. 171)
  • Control of Extraneous Variables (p. 173)
  • Extraneous Variables to Be Controlled (p. 174)
  • Research Participant and Experimenter Effects to Be Controlled (p. 181)
  • Sequencing Effect to Be Controlled (p. 191)
  • Additional Extraneous Variables to Be Held Constant (p. 192)
  • Summary (p. 193)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 194)
  • Chapter 8 Techniques for Achieving Constancy (p. 195)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 195)
  • Introduction (p. 197)
  • Randomization (p. 197)
  • Matching (p. 203)
  • Counterbalancing (p. 212)
  • Control of Participant Effects (p. 218)
  • Control of Experimenter Effects (p. 223)
  • Likelihood of Achieving Control (p. 228)
  • Summary (p. 228)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 230)
  • Chapter 9 Experimental Research Design (p. 231)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 231)
  • Introduction (p. 233)
  • Faulty Research Design (p. 234)
  • Requirements of True Research Designs (p. 238)
  • Pretesting Participants (p. 240)
  • True Research Designs (p. 242)
  • Choice of a Research Design (p. 256)
  • Summary (p. 258)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 259)
  • Chapter 10 Quasi-Experimental Designs (p. 260)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 260)
  • Introduction (p. 262)
  • Nonequivalent Control Group Design (p. 263)
  • Time-Series Design (p. 271)
  • Summary (p. 276)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 276)
  • Chapter 11 Single-Case Research Designs (p. 260)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 277)
  • Introduction (p. 279)
  • Single-Case Designs (p. 281)
  • A-B-A Design (p. 282)
  • Interaction Design (p. 286)
  • Multiple-Baseline Design (p. 290)
  • Changing-Criterion Design (p. 294)
  • Methodological Considerations in Using Single-Case Designs (p. 296)
  • Criteria for Evaluating Change (p. 299)
  • Rival Hypotheses (p. 301)
  • Summary (p. 302)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 303)
  • Chapter 12 Data Collection (p. 304)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 304)
  • Introduction (p. 306)
  • Research Participants (p. 306)
  • Sample Size (p. 309)
  • Apparatus (p. 311)
  • Instructions (p. 314)
  • Scheduling of Research Participants (p. 314)
  • Procedure (p. 315)
  • Institutional Approval (p. 317)
  • Data Collection (p. 318)
  • Consent to Participate (p. 318)
  • Debriefing, or Postexperimental Interview (p. 320)
  • Summary (p. 323)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 324)
  • Chapter 13 Hypothesis Testing (p. 325)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 325)
  • Introduction (p. 327)
  • Testing the Hypothesis (p. 328)
  • The Mean (p. 329)
  • Standard Deviation (p. 330)
  • Selection of a Statistical Test (p. 332)
  • Independent Samples t-Test (p. 334)
  • Significance Level (p. 335)
  • Analysis of Variance (p. 338)
  • Potential Errors in the Statistical Decision-Making Process (p. 354)
  • Summary (p. 356)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 357)
  • Chapter 14 External Validity (p. 358)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 358)
  • Introduction (p. 360)
  • Population Validity (p. 360)
  • Ecological Validity (p. 364)
  • Temporal Validity (p. 367)
  • Relationship Between Internal and External Validity (p. 370)
  • Cautions in Evaluating the External Validity of Experiments (p. 371)
  • Summary (p. 374)
  • Key Terms and Concepts (p. 375)
  • Chapter 15 The Research Report (p. 376)
  • Learning Objectives (p. 376)
  • Introduction (p. 377)
  • The APA Format (p. 379)
  • Preparation of the Research Report (p. 407)
  • Appendixes (p. 419)
  • References (p. 425)
  • Index (p. 445)

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