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Automation, production systems, and computer integrated manufacturing / Mikell P. Groover

Main Author Groover, Mikell P. Country Estados Unidos. Edition 2nd ed Publication Upper Saddle River : Prentice-Hall, cop. 2001 Description XV, 856 p. : il. ; 24 cm ISBN 0-13-088978-4 CDU 658.5
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Monografia Biblioteca da UMinho no Campus de Azurém
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Mestrado Integrado em Engenharia Mecânica Técnicas de CAM/CAE 1º semestre

Monografia Biblioteca da UMinho no Campus de Azurém
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Monografia Biblioteca da UMinho no Campus de Azurém
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Mestrado em Engenharia Mecatrónica Modelação Computacional 1º semestre

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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

For advanced undergraduate/ graduate-level courses in Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing. This exploration of the technical and engineering aspects of automated production systems provides the most advanced, comprehensive, and balanced coverage of the subject of any text on the market. It covers all the major cutting-edge technologies of production automation and material handling, and how these technologies are used to construct modern manufacturing systems.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Chapter 1 Introduction (p. 1)
  • 1.1 Production System Facilities (p. 2)
  • 1.2 Manufacturing Support Systems (p. 7)
  • 1.3 Automation in Production Systems (p. 9)
  • 1.4 Manual Labor in Production Systems (p. 14)
  • 1.5 Automation Principles and Strategies (p. 17)
  • 1.6 Organization of the Book (p. 21)
  • Chapter 2 Manufacturing Operations (p. 24)
  • 2.1 Manufacturing Industries and Products (p. 28)
  • 2.2 Manufacturing Operations (p. 31)
  • 2.3 Product/Production Relationships (p. 35)
  • 2.4 Production Concepts and Mathematical Models (p. 40)
  • 2.5 Costs of Manufacturing Operations (p. 48)
  • Part I Automation and Control Technologies (p. 61)
  • Chapter 3 Introduction to Automation (p. 66)
  • 3.1 Basic Elements of an Automated System (p. 63)
  • 3.2 Advanced Automation Functions (p. 71)
  • 3.3 Levels of Automation (p. 76)
  • Chapter 4 Industrial Control Systems (p. 79)
  • 4.1 Process Industries versus Discrete Manufacturing Industries (p. 80)
  • 4.2 Continuous versus Discrete Control (p. 82)
  • 4.3 Computer Process Control (p. 88)
  • 4.4 Forms of Computer Process Control (p. 96)
  • Chapter 5 Sensors, Actuators, and Other Control System Components (p. 107)
  • 5.1 Sensors (p. 108)
  • 5.2 Actuators (p. 111)
  • 5.3 Analog-to-Digital Conversion (p. 112)
  • 5.4 Digital-to-Analog Conversion (p. 115)
  • 5.5 Input/Output Devices for Discrete Data (p. 117)
  • Chapter 6 Numerical Control (p. 120)
  • 6.1 Fundamentals of NC Technology (p. 122)
  • 6.2 Computer Numerical Control (p. 128)
  • 6.3 DNC (p. 134)
  • 6.4 Applications of Numerical Control (p. 137)
  • 6.5 NC Part Programming (p. 145)
  • 6.6 Engineering Analysis of NC Positioning Systems (p. 179)
  • Chapter 6 Appendix: Apt Word Definitions (p. 196)
  • Chapter 7 Industrial Robotics (p. 210)
  • 7.1 Robot Anatomy and Related Attributes (p. 212)
  • 7.2 Robot Control Systems (p. 218)
  • 7.3 End Effectors (p. 220)
  • 7.4 Sensors in Robotics (p. 222)
  • 7.5 Industrial Robot Applications (p. 222)
  • 7.6 Robot Programming (p. 230)
  • 7.7 Engineering Analysis of Industrial Robots (p. 240)
  • Chapter 8 Discrete Control Using Programmable Logic Controllers and Personal Computers (p. 257)
  • 8.1 Discrete Process Control (p. 257)
  • 8.2 Ladder Logic Diagrams (p. 264)
  • 8.3 Programmable Logic Controllers (p. 268)
  • 8.4 Personal Computers Using Soft Logic (p. 275)
  • Part II Material Handling and Identification Technologies
  • Chapter 9 Introduction to Material Handling (p. 281)
  • 9.1 Overview of Material Handling Equipment (p. 282)
  • 9.2 Considerations in Material Handling System Design (p. 285)
  • 9.3 The 10 Principles of Material Handling (p. 288)
  • Chapter 10 Material Transport Systems (p. 292)
  • 10.1 Industrial Trucks (p. 293)
  • 10.2 Automated Guided Vehicle Systems (p. 295)
  • 10.3 Monorails and Other Rail Guided Vehicles (p. 302)
  • 10.4 Conveyor Systems (p. 303)
  • 10.5 Cranes and Hoists (p. 309)
  • 10.6 Analysis of Material Transport Systems (p. 311)
  • Chapter 11 Storage Systems (p. 328)
  • 11.1 Storage System Performance (p. 329)
  • 11.2 Storage Location Strategies (p. 331)
  • 11.3 Conventional Storage Methods and Equipment (p. 332)
  • 11.4 Automated Storage Systems (p. 335)
  • 11.5 Engineering Analysis of Storage Systems (p. 344)
  • Chapter 12 Automatic Data Capture (p. 357)
  • 12.1 Overview of Automatic Identification Methods (p. 358)
  • 12.2 Bar Code Technology (p. 361)
  • 12.3 Other ADC Technologies (p. 370)
  • Part III Manufacturing Systems
  • Chapter 13 Introduction to Manufacturing Systems (p. 375)
  • 13.1 Components of a Manufacturing System (p. 376)
  • 13.2 Classification of Manufacturing Systems (p. 381)
  • 13.3 Overview of the Classification Scheme (p. 388)
  • 13.4 Manufacturing Progress Functions (Learning Curves) (p. 392)
  • Chapter 14 Single Station Manufacturing Cells (p. 397)
  • 14.1 Single Station Manned Workstations (p. 398)
  • 14.2 Single Station Automated Cells (p. 399)
  • 14.3 Applications (p. 404)
  • 14.4 Analysis of Single Station Cells (p. 409)
  • Chapter 15 Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing (p. 420)
  • 15.1 Part Families (p. 422)
  • 15.2 Parts Classification and Coding (p. 425)
  • 15.3 Production Flow Analysis (p. 431)
  • 15.4 Cellular Manufacturing (p. 434)
  • 15.5 Application Considerations in Group Technology (p. 439)
  • 15.6 Quantitative Analysis in Cellular Manufacturing (p. 442)
  • Chapter 16 Flexible Manufacturing Systems (p. 460)
  • 16.1 What is an FMS? (p. 462)
  • 16.2 FMS Components (p. 469)
  • 16.3 FMS Applications and Benefits (p. 480)
  • 16.4 FMS Planning and Implementation Issues (p. 485)
  • 16.5 Quantitative Analysis of Flexible Manufacturing Systems (p. 487)
  • Chapter 17 Manual Assembly Lines (p. 514)
  • 17.1 Fundamentals of Manual Assembly Lines (p. 516)
  • 17.2 Alternative Assembly Systems (p. 523)
  • 17.3 Design for Assembly (p. 524)
  • 17.4 Analysis of Single Model Assembly Lines (p. 525)
  • 17.5 Line Balancing Algorithms (p. 534)
  • 17.6 Mixed Model Assembly Lines (p. 540)
  • 17.7 Other Considerations in Assembly Line Design (p. 552)
  • Chapter 18 Transfer Lines and Similar Automated Manufacturing Systems (p. 566)
  • 18.1 Fundamentals of Automated Production Lines (p. 565)
  • 18.2 Applications of Automated Production Lines (p. 575)
  • 18.3 Analysis of Transfer Lines with No Internal Storage (p. 579)
  • 18.4 Analysis of Transfer Lines with Storage Buffers (p. 587)
  • Chapter 19 Automated Assembly Systems (p. 601)
  • 19.1 Fundamentals of Automated Assembly Systems (p. 602)
  • 19.2 Design for Automated Assembly (p. 606)
  • 19.3 Quantitative Analysis of Assembly Systems (p. 610)
  • Part IV Quality Control Systems
  • Chapter 20 Introduction to Quality Assurance (p. 631)
  • 20.1 Quality Defined (p. 633)
  • 20.2 Traditional and Modern Quality Control (p. 635)
  • 20.3 Taguchi Methods in Quality Engineering (p. 638)
  • 20.4 ISO 9000 (p. 648)
  • Chapter 21 Statistical Process Control (p. 654)
  • 21.1 Process Variability and Process Capability (p. 655)
  • 21.2 Control Charts (p. 658)
  • 21.3 Other SPC Tools (p. 667)
  • 21.4 Implementing Statistical Process Control (p. 672)
  • Chapter 22 Inspection Principles and Practices (p. 681)
  • 22.1 Inspection Fundamentals (p. 682)
  • 22.2 Sampling versus 100% Inspection (p. 687)
  • 22.3 Automated Inspection (p. 692)
  • 22.4 When and Where to Inspect (p. 694)
  • 22.5 Quantitative Analysis of Inspection (p. 698)
  • Chapter 23 Inspection Technologies (p. 711)
  • 23.1 Inspection Metrology (p. 712)
  • 23.2 Contact versus Noncontact Inspection Techniques (p. 717)
  • 23.3 Conventional Measuring and Gaging Techniques (p. 718)
  • 23.4 Coordinate Measuring Machines (p. 720)
  • 23.5 Surface Measurement (p. 736)
  • 23.6 Machine Vision (p. 738)
  • 23.7 Other Optical Inspection Techniques (p. 745)
  • 23.8 Noncontact Nonoptical Inspection Technologies (p. 747)
  • Part V Manufacturing Support Systems
  • Chapter 24 Product Design and CAD/CAM in the Production System (p. 753)
  • 24.1 Product Design and CAD (p. 755)
  • 24.2 CAD System Hardware (p. 761)
  • 24.3 CAM, CAD/CAM, and CIM (p. 764)
  • 24.4 Quality Function Deployment (p. 767)
  • Chapter 25 Process Planning and Concurrent Engineering (p. 775)
  • 25.1 Process Planning (p. 776)
  • 25.2 Computer-Aided Process Planning (CAPP) (p. 782)
  • 25.3 Concurrent Engineering and Design for Manufacturing (p. 785)
  • 25.4 Advanced Manufacturing Planning (p. 791)
  • Chapter 26 Production Planning and Control Systems (p. 796)
  • 26.1 Aggregate Production Planning and the Master Production Schedule (p. 798)
  • 26.2 Material Requirements Planning (MRP) (p. 800)
  • 26.3 Capacity Planning (p. 806)
  • 26.4 Shop Floor Control (p. 808)
  • 26.5 Inventory Control (p. 814)
  • 26.6 Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II) (p. 822)
  • 26.7 Just-In-Time Production Systems (p. 823)
  • Chapter 27 Lean Production and Agile Manufacturing (p. 832)
  • 27.1 Lean Production (p. 833)
  • 27.2 Agile Manufacturing (p. 835)
  • 27.3 Comparison of Lean and Agile (p. 843)

Excerpt provided by Syndetics

Preface The first edition of this book was published in 1980 under the title Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Aided Manufacturing. A revision was published in 1987 with about 200 more pages and a slightly different title: Automation, Production Systems, and Computer Integrated Manufacturing. The additional pages expanded the coverage of topics like industrial robotics, programmable logic controllers, material handling and storage, and quality control. But much of the book was very similar to the 1980 text. By the time I started work on the current volume (technically the second edition of the 1987 title, but in fact the third generation of the 1980 publication), it was clear that the book was in need of a thorough rewriting. New technologies had been developed and existing technologies had advanced, new theories and methodologies had emerged in the research literature, and my own understanding of automation and production systems had grown and matured (at least I think so). Readers of the two previous books will find this new volume to be quite different from its predecessors. Its organization is significantly changed, new topics have been added, and some topics from the previous editions have been discarded or reduced in coverage. It is not an exaggeration to say that the entire text has been rewritten (readers will find very few instances where I have used the same wording as in the previous editions). Nearly all of the figures are new. It is essentially a new book. There is a risk in changing the book so much. Both of the previous editions have been very successful for Prentice Hall and me. Many instructors have adopted the book and have become accustomed to its organization and coverage. Many courses have been developed based on the book. What will these instructors think of the new edition, with all of its new and different features? My hope is that they will try out the new book and find it to be a significant improvement over the 1987 edition, as well as any other textbook on the subject. Specifically, what are the changes in this new edition? To begin with, the organization has been substantially revised. Following two introductory chapters, the book is organized into five main parts: Automation and control technologies:Six chapters on automation, industrial computer control, control system components, numerical control, industrial robotics, and programmable logic controllers. Material handling technologies:Four chapters covering conventional and automated material handling systems (e.g., conveyor systems and automated guided vehicle systems), conventional and automated storage systems, and automatic identification and data capture. Manufacturing systems:Seven chapters on a manufacturing systems taxonomy, single station cells, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, manual assembly lines, transfer lines, and automated assembly. Quality control systems:Four chapters covering quality assurance, statistical process control, inspection principles, and inspection technologies (e.g., coordinate measuring machines and machine vision). Manufacturing support systems:Four chapters on product design and CAD/CAM, process planning, production planning and control, and lean production and agile manufacturing. Other changes in organization and coverage in the current edition, compared with the 1987 book, include: Expanded coverage of automation fundamentals, numerical control programming, group technology, flexible manufacturing systems, material handling and storage, quality control and inspection, inspection technologies, programmable logic controllers. New chapters or sections on manufacturing systems, single station manufacturing systems, mixed-model assembly line analysis, quality assurance and statistical process control, Taguchi methods, inspection principles and technologies, concurrent engineering, automatic identification and data collection, lean and agile manufacturing. Consolidation of numerical control into one chapter (the old edition had three chapters). Consolidation of industrial robotics into one chapter (the old edition had three chapters). The chapters on control systems have been completely revised to reflect current industry practice and technology. More quantitative problems on more topics: nearly 400 problems in the new edition, which is almost a 50% increase over the 1987 edition. Historical notes describing the development and historical background of many of the automation technologies. With all of these changes and new features, the principle objective of the book remains the same. It is a textbook designed primarily for engineering students at the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate levels. It has the characteristics of an engineering textbook: equations, example problems, diagrams, and end-of-chapter exercises. A Solutions Manual is available from Prentice Hall for instructors who adopt the book. The book should also be useful for practicing engineers and managers who wish to learn about automation and production systems technologies in modern manufacturing. In several chapters, application guidelines are presented to help readers decide whether the particular technology may be appropriate for their operations. Excerpted from Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing by Mikell P. Groover All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Author notes provided by Syndetics

MIKELL P. GROOVER is Professor of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering at Lehigh University, where he also serves as Director of the Manufacturing Technology Laboratory. He holds the following degrees all from Lehigh: B.A. (1961) in Arts and Science, B.S. (1962) in Mechanical Engineering, M.S. (1966) and Ph.D. (1969) in Industrial Engineering. He is a Registered Professional Engineer in Pennsylvania (since 1972). His industrial experience includes full-time employment at Eastman Kodak Company as a Manufacturing Engineer. Since joining Lehigh, he has done consulting, research, and project work for a number of industrial companies including Ingersoll-Rand, Air Products & Chemicals, Bethlehem Steel, and Hershey Foods.

His teaching and research areas include manufacturing processes, metal cutting theory, automation and robotics, production systems, material handling, facilities planning, and work systems. He has received a number of teaching awards, including the Albert Holzman Outstanding Educator Award from the Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE). His publications include over 75 technical articles and papers which have appeared in Industrial Engineering, IIE Transactions, NAMRC Proceedings, ASME Transactions, IEEE Spectrum, International Journal of Production Systems, Encyclopaedia Britannica, SME Technical Papers, and others. Professor Groover's avocation is writing textbooks on topics in manufacturing and automation. His previous books are used throughout the world and have been translated into French, German, Korean, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, and Chinese. His book Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing received the 1996 IIE Joint Publishers Award and the 1996 M. Eugene Merchant Manufacturing Textbook Award from the Society of Manufacturing Engineers.

Dr. Groover is a member of the Institute of Industrial Engineers, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME), and North American Manufacturing Research Institute (NAMRI). He is a Fellow of IIE and SME.

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