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The search for modern China / Jonathan D. Spence

Main Author Spence, Jonathan D., 1936- Country Estados Unidos. Edition 2nd ed Publication New York : W.W. Norton & Company, cop. 1999 Description 896 p., pág. var., [42] f. estamp. : il. ; 24 cm ISBN 0-393-97351-4 CDU 951
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Monografia Biblioteca Fernão Mendes Pinto
BFMPD 166360 Não requisitável | Not for loan 292981
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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Beautifully written by a leading scholar in the field, the new edition of The Search for Modern China brings to life the characters and events of China's turbulent modern history. The narrative is detailed balanced, integrating political and cultural history with social and economic developments. Spence has streamlined and thoroughly updated the text in light of new scholarship and the major new steps China has taken in the last ten years. The Search for Modern China, Second Edition, features a visually striking art program that includes more than 150 illustrations--many by world-famous photographers--50 maps, and many helpful tables.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • List of Maps (p. xv)
  • List of Tables (p. xvii)
  • Preface (p. xix)
  • Acknowledgments (p. xxiii)
  • The Use of Pinyin (p. xxv)
  • I Conquest and Consolidation (p. 1)
  • 1 The Late Ming (p. 7)
  • The Glory of the Ming (p. 7)
  • Town and Farm (p. 12)
  • Corruption and Hardship (p. 16)
  • The Ming Collapse (p. 21)
  • 2 The Manchu Conquest (p. 26)
  • The Rise of the Qing (p. 26)
  • Conquering the Ming (p. 32)
  • Adapting to China (p. 38)
  • Class and Resistance (p. 44)
  • 3 Kangxi's Consolidation (p. 49)
  • The War of the Three Feudatories, 1673-1681 (p. 49)
  • Taiwan and Maritime China (p. 53)
  • Wooing the Intellectuals (p. 58)
  • Defining the Borders (p. 64)
  • A Mixed Legacy (p. 69)
  • 4 Yongzheng's Authority (p. 74)
  • Qing Power and Taxation in the Countryside (p. 74)
  • The Center and Channels of Power (p. 79)
  • Moral Authority (p. 84)
  • 5 Chinese Society and the Reign of Qianlong (p. 90)
  • Social Pressures and Population Growth (p. 90)
  • "Like the sun at Midday" (p. 97)
  • Eighteenth-Century Confucianism (p. 102)
  • The Dream of the Red Chamber (p. 106)
  • Qianlong's Later Years (p. 110)
  • 6 China and the Eighteenth-Century World (p. 117)
  • Managing the Foreigners (p. 117)
  • Aliens and Chinese Law (p. 123)
  • Opium (p. 128)
  • Western Images of China (p. 132)
  • II Fragmentation and Reform (p. 137)
  • 7 The First Clash with the West (p. 143)
  • The Response of China's Scholars (p. 143)
  • China's Political Response (p. 147)
  • Britain's Military Response (p. 152)
  • The New Treaty System (p. 158)
  • 8 The Crisis Within (p. 165)
  • Social Dislocation North and South (p. 165)
  • The Taiping (p. 170)
  • Foreign Pressures and Marx's Views (p. 179)
  • The Nian Rebellion (p. 184)
  • Muslim Revolts (p. 189)
  • 9 Restoration through Reform (p. 194)
  • Confucian Reform (p. 194)
  • Defining Foreign Policy (p. 199)
  • The Missionary Presence (p. 204)
  • Overseas Chinese (p. 210)
  • 10 New Tensions in the Late Qing (p. 216)
  • Self-Strengthening and the Japanese War (p. 216)
  • The Reform Movement of 1898 (p. 224)
  • The Qing Constitution (p. 245)
  • Three Sides of Nationalism (p. 230)
  • Emerging Forces (p. 238)
  • 11 The End of the Dynasty (p. 245)
  • New Railways, New Army (p. 249)
  • Nationalists and Socialists (p. 256)
  • Qing Fall (p. 262)
  • III Envisioning State and Society (p. 269)
  • 12 The New Republic (p. 275)
  • Experiment in Democracy (p. 275)
  • The Rule of Yuan Shikai (p. 281)
  • Militarists in China and Chinese in France (p. 288)
  • The Political Thinking of Sun Yat-Sen (p. 294)
  • 13 "A Road Is Made" (p. 300)
  • The Warning Voice of Social Darwinism (p. 300)
  • The Promise of Marxism (p. 305)
  • The Facets of May Fourth (p. 310)
  • The Comintern and the Birth of the Ccp (p. 319)
  • The Industrial Sector (p. 325)
  • 14 The Clash (p. 334)
  • The Initial Alliance (p. 334)
  • Launching the Northern Expedition (p. 341)
  • Shanghai Spring (p. 348)
  • Wuhan Summer, Canton Winter (p. 354)
  • 15 Experiments in Government (p. 361)
  • The Power Base of Chiang Kai-Shek (p. 361)
  • Mao Zedong and the Rural Soviets (p. 370)
  • China and the United States (p. 379)
  • China and Japan (p. 388)
  • China and Germany (p. 396)
  • 16 The Drift to War (p. 403)
  • The Long March (p. 403)
  • The National Mood and Guomindang Ideology (p. 410)
  • Crisis at Xi'an (p. 418)
  • The Chinese Poor (p. 424)
  • IV War and Revolution (p. 435)
  • 17 World War II (p. 443)
  • The Loss of East China (p. 443)
  • China Divided (p. 450)
  • Chongqing and Yan'an, 1938-1941 (p. 456)
  • Chongqing and Yan'an in the Widening War (p. 466)
  • War's End (p. 474)
  • 18 The Fall of the Guomindang State (p. 484)
  • The Japanese Surrender and the Marshall Mission (p. 484)
  • Land Reform and the Manchurian Base (p. 491)
  • The Losing Battle with Inflation (p. 498)
  • Defeat of the Guomindang Armies (p. 504)
  • 19 The Birth of the People's Republic (p. 514)
  • Countryside and Town, 1949-1950 (p. 514)
  • The Structure of the New Government (p. 519)
  • The Korean War (p. 524)
  • Mass Party, Mass Campaigns (p. 533)
  • 20 Planning the New Society (p. 541)
  • The First Five-Year Plan (p. 541)
  • Foreign Policy and the National Minorities (p. 551)
  • Army Reform (p. 557)
  • The Hundred Flowers (p. 563)
  • 21 Deepening the Revolution (p. 574)
  • The Great Leap Forward (p. 574)
  • The Sino-Soviet Rift (p. 583)
  • Political Investigation and "Socialist Education" (p. 590)
  • The Cult of Mao and the Critics (p. 596)
  • Launching the Cultural Revolution (p. 602)
  • Party Retrenchment and the Death of Lin Biao (p. 609)
  • V Living in the World (p. 619)
  • 22 Reopening the Doors (p. 627)
  • The United States and the Nixon Visit (p. 627)
  • Attacking Confucius and Lin Biao (p. 633)
  • Defining the Economy, 1974-1975 (p. 639)
  • 1976: the Old Guard Dies (p. 645)
  • 23 Redefining Revolution (p. 653)
  • The Four Modernizations (p. 653)
  • The Fifth Modernization (p. 659)
  • Taiwan and the Special Economic Zones (p. 667)
  • "Truth From Facts" (p. 675)
  • 24 Levels of Power (p. 683)
  • One Billion People (p. 683)
  • Governing China in the 1980s (p. 690)
  • Emerging Tensions in 1985 (p. 712)
  • The Problems of Prosperity, 1983-1984 (p. 696)
  • Rebuilding the Law (p. 704)
  • 25 Testing the Limits (p. 712)
  • Democracy's Chorus (p. 719)
  • Broadening the Base (p. 727)
  • Social Strains (p. 733)
  • The Breaking Point (p. 738)
  • Notes and Permissions (p. 749)
  • Further Readings (p. 769)
  • Glossary (p. 789)
  • About the Color Illustrations (p. 813)
  • Illustration Credits (p. 817)
  • A Note on the Calligraphy (p. 823)
  • Index (p. 825)
  • Map: China During the Late Ming (p. 878)
  • Map: Contemporary China (p. 880)

Reviews provided by Syndetics

Publishers Weekly Review

Spence advocates democracy in China and presents contemporary views of its oppressive history, including Chiang Kai-Shek's fascist supporters and the bloodbath known as the Cultural Revolution. ``A splendid achievement, this sweeping . . . epic chronicle compresses four centuries of political and social change into a sharply observant narrative,'' said PW . Photos. (Apr.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved

School Library Journal Review

YA --The difficulty of finding a complete, one-volume history of China is no longer a problem with publication of this work, which covers Chinese history from the 16th-century Ming Dynasty to the 1989 ``China Spring'' demonstrations. The 200+ photographs and illustrations, many in color and previously unpublished, include historical notes that add understanding to the art and the stories illustrated. The text is written in an informative manner that will appeal to students; their lack of knowledge of Chinese history is forstalled by the comprehensive glossary that explains phrases, people, and events. High-school teachers will bless you for buying this well-researched volume.--Dolores Steinhauer, Jefferson Sci-Tech, Alexandria, VA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.


Since the Tiananmen Square incident in Beijing, many observers have lamented China's suppression of its students and intellectuals. But in a new work, Spence (Yale) reminds readers that Chinese intellectuals and its people have suffered similar disappointments before. Chronicling nearly 400 years of history, from the late Ming to 1989, Spence traces the attempts of Chinese rulers and reformers to wrestle with problems of national integration, population pressure, economic development, and foreign challenges. He defines a modern nation as one that is receptive to new markets, new technologies, and new ideas. By this criterion, he argues that China has never been a modern nation, nor is it likely to be able to make such a claim in the future unless its people are given a voice in determining their fate. Spence's rich and lucid narrative is informed by an admirable synthesis of recent scholarship, all amply documented in the endnotes and bibliography. Generous references to literature and art woven into the text make this the most well rounded survey of China's last four centuries. Suitable for undergraduates, lower-division and up, graduate students, faculty, and general readers. F. Ng California State University, Fresno

Kirkus Book Review

A stunning, one-of-a-kind history of China over the past 400 years; by the author of The Question of Hu (1988), etc. By the end of the 17th century, China was still a heterogeneous country whose vast expanses and endless variations in culture, economy, and religious practices have made the writing of any coherent history a daunting task. As Yale professor Spence points out, scholars have begun to tackle it by defining ""macroregions""--in which it is possible to describe and analyze these differences and to relate them to central political decisions. But until now there has been no work as comprehensive and comprehensible as his own. Moving from the Ming dynasty through the Manchus, the Revolution, the Kuomintang, and on through Tiananmen Square with an unparalleled combination of erudition, vision, sweep, and grace, Spence integrates a formidable amount of information about politics, culture, religion, land use, lineage patterns, poverty, wealth, and change--and at the same time manages to flesh out the leading characters in the continuing drama. Dominating the entire scene are the defiant problems of integrating the diverse elements of the country into an administrative whole and consolidating its borders. Along the way, Spence offers invaluable insights into the long history of literature and the arts, attitudes towards intellectuals and women, efforts at population control, and the intensely moral and ethical ideals of the Confucian tradition, which--though rebelled against and defused through time and change--still permeate the society. In the picture that emerges, China's ambivalent moves toward and away from the rest of the world become less of a mystery. Extraordinarily involving and insightful: a masterwork. Copyright ©Kirkus Reviews, used with permission.

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Jonathan D. Spence was born in Surrey, England on August 11, 1936. He received a B.A. in history from Clare College, Cambridge University and a M.A. and Ph.D. from Yale University. He was Sterling Professor of History at Yale University from 1993 to 2008. As a historian specializing in Chinese history, he wrote several books including The Search for Modern China, The Death of Woman Wang, and The Memory Palace of Matteo Ricci. The Gate of Heavenly Peace won the Los Angeles Times Book Award and the Henry D. Vursell Memorial Award of the American Academy-Institute of Arts and Letters.

(Bowker Author Biography)

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