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Human rights in cross-cultural perspectives : a quest for consensus / ed. Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im

Secondary Author Na'im, Abdullahi Ahmed, 1946- Country Estados Unidos. Publication Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995 Description VII, [1], 479 p. ; 23 cm Series Pennsylvania studies in human rights ISBN 0-8122-1568-0 CDU 342.7
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Monografia Biblioteca de Ciências da Educação
BCE 342.7 - H Available 196456
Monografia Biblioteca Fernão Mendes Pinto
BFMP 342.7 - H Não requisitável | Not for loan 376600
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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Human rights violations are perpetrated in all parts of the world, and the universal reaction to such atrocities is overwhelmingly one of horror and sadness. Yet, as Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im and his contributors attest, our viewpoint is clouded and biased by the expectations native to our own culture. How do other cultures view human rights issues? Can an analysis of these issues through multiple viewpoints, both cross-cultural and indigenous, help us reinterpret and reconstruct prevailing theories of human rights?

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
  • Section I General Issues of a Cross-Cultural Approach to Human Rights
  • 1 Toward a Cross-Cultural Approach to Defining International Standards of Human Rights: The Meaning of Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • 2 Cultural Foundations for the International Protection of Human Rights
  • 3 Making a Goddess of Democracy from Loose Sand: Thoughts on Human Rights in the People's Republic of China
  • Section II Problems And Prospects Of Alternative Cultural Interpretation
  • 5 Postliberal Strands in Western Human Rights Theory: Personalist-Communitarian Perspectives
  • 6 Should Communities Have Rights? Reflections on Liberal Individualism
  • 7 A Marxian Approach to Human Rights
  • Section III Regional And Indigenous Cultural Perspectives On Human Rights
  • 8 North American Indian Perspectives on Human Rights
  • 10 Political Culture and Gross Human Rights Violations in Latin America
  • 12 Cultural Legitimacy in the Formulation and Implementation of Human Rights Law and Policy in Australia
  • 13 Considering Gender: Are Human Rights for Women, Too? An Australian Case
  • 14 Right to Self-Determination: A Basic Human Right Concerning Cultural Survival. The Case of the Sami and the Scandinavian State
  • Section IV Prospects For A Cross-Cultural Approach To Human Rights
  • 4 Dignity, Community, and Human Rights
  • 9 Aboriginal Communities, Aboriginal Rights, and the Human Rights System in Canada
  • 11 Custom Is Not a Thing, It Is a Path: Reflections on the Brazilian Indian Case
  • 15 Prospects for Research on the Cultural Legitimacy of Human Rights: The Cases of Liberalism and Marxism
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Contributors
  • Index

Reviews provided by Syndetics


An-Na'im, an internationally known Sudanese human rights scholar and activist, has edited a collection that a wide variety of readers will find stimulating. Based on the presupposition that internal cultural discourse and cross-cultural dialogue can enhance the universal legitimacy of human rights, An-Na'im and 14 specialists explore diverse aspects of this broad presumption. They start from existing international standards, embodied in the Universal Declaration and the two International Covenants on human rights. Contributors to the book thus seek to resolve the sterile debate between positivists who (as Richard Falk notes) consider the content of human rights to be based on texts agreed upon by states and embodied in treaties, and naturalists who regard human rights as stemming from immutable values that endow standards with universal validity. Gaining legitimacy from cultural beliefs is possible, the majority of contributors (Rhoda Howard being the exception) agree. Major philosophical/political orientations include Western liberalism, personalist-communitarian perspectives from the West, and Marxism; case studies on self-determination, women's rights, aboriginal rights, and the like come from Native Americans of both hemispheres, Australia, and Scandinavia. A stimulating, well-documented book. Upper-division undergraduates. C. E. Welch; SUNY at Buffalo

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im is Charles Howard Candler Professor of Law at Emory University and the editor of Human Rights Under African Constitutions, also available from the University of Pennsylvania Press.

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