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China : a new history / John King Fairbank

Main Author Fairbank, John K., 1907-1991 Country Estados Unidos. Publication Cambridge, Mass. : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1994 Description XVII, 519 p., [24] f. est. : il. ; 24 cm ISBN 0-674-11671-2 CDU 951
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Monografia Biblioteca Fernão Mendes Pinto
BFMP-LCO 951 - F Perdido | Lost Indisponível | Not available 193603
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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Written by a well-known scholar on China, this text offers an expression of his lifelong engagement with this vast and ancient civilization. Fairbank's work provides a concise, comprehensive and authoritative account of China and its people over four millennia, from the emergence of Beijing man in the Paleolithic culture to the Tiananmen massacre of 1989.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Preface to the Enlarged Edition
  • Preface to the Original Edition
  • Introduction: Approaches to Understanding China's History
  • The Variety of Historical Perspectives
  • Geography: The Contrast of North and South
  • Humankind in Nature
  • The Village: Family and Lineage
  • Inner Asia and China: The Steppe and the Sown
  • Part 1 Rise and Decline of the Imperial Autocracy
  • 1 Origins: The Discoveries of Archaeology Paleolithic China
  • Neolithic China
  • Excavation of Shang and Xia
  • The Rise of Central Authority
  • Western Zhou
  • Implications of the New Archaeological Record
  • 2 The First Unification: Imperial Confucianism The Utility of Dynasties
  • Princes and Philosophers
  • The Confucian Code
  • Daoism
  • Unification by Qin
  • Consolidation and Expansion under the Han
  • Imperial Confucianism
  • Correlative Cosmology
  • Emperor and Scholars
  • 3 Reunification in the Buddhist Age Disunion
  • The Buddhist Teaching
  • Sui-Tang Reunification
  • Buddhism and the State
  • Decline of the Tang Dynasty
  • Social Change: The Tang-Song Transition
  • 4 China's Greatest Age: Northern and Southern Song Efflorescence of Material Growth
  • Education and the Examination System
  • The Creation of Neo-Confucianism
  • Formation of Gentry Society
  • 5 The Paradox of Song China and Inner Asia The Symbiosis of Wen and Wu
  • The Rise of Non-Chinese Rule over China
  • China in the Mongol Empire
  • Interpreting the Song Era
  • 6 Government in the Ming Dynasty Legacies of the Hongwu Emperor
  • Fiscal Problems
  • China Turns Inward
  • Factional Politics
  • 7 The Qing Success Story The Manchu Conquest Institutional Adaptation The Jesuit Interlude
  • Growth of Qing Control in Inner Asia
  • The Attempted Integration of Polity and Culture
  • Part 2 Late Imperial China, 1600-1911
  • 8 The Paradox of Growth without Development The Rise in Population
  • Diminishing Returns of Farm Labor
  • The Subjection of Women
  • Domestic Trade and Commercial Organization
  • Merchant-Official Symbiosis
  • Limitations of the Law
  • 9 Frontier Unrest and the Opening of China The Weakness of State Leadership
  • The White Lotus Rebellion, 1796-1804
  • Maritime China: Origins of the Overseas Chinese
  • European Trading Companies and the Canton Trade
  • Rebellion on the Turkestan Frontier, 1826-1835
  • Opium and the Struggle for a New Order at Guangzhou, 1834-1842
  • Inauguration of the Treaty Century after 1842

Reviews provided by Syndetics

Library Journal Review

No American scholar of China was better known to the public and academia alike than Fairbank. This history of China, completed two days before his death in 1991, is a fitting final work. In covering the breadth of the country's history, from the earliest archaeological records to the present, the author is occasionally short on details, but lay readers and undergraduate students will appreciate the perceptive analysis and explanation throughout, leading to a better understanding of this complex nation, its people, and its importance in the world. Furthermore, Fairbank's command of recent research, along with an excellent bibliography, will appeal to the scholarly audience. Highly recommended. History Book Club selection.-- Kenneth W. Berger, Duke Univ. Lib., Durham, N.C. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

Booklist Review

This comprehensive history of China and Chinese civilization has good and bad elements aplenty. First, the bad: Fairbank is an opinionated author who indulges himself too frequently in expressing ideological views that are arguably unsound, and wholly inappropriate to the subject at hand. His bashings of American society in general, and the Reagan administration in particular, are merely unsupported pontifications which seem to have been inserted into the text with a crowbar; and never mind their relevance (or lack thereof) to Chinese history. Also, the book suffers from a lack of attribution--there are no footnotes here, which means that Fairbank's take on China's past is highly subjective and open to more questions than might otherwise be the case. But the good news is, Fairbank is a stimulating writer who knows his subject well and loves it immensely. On the balance, then, this is a fine treatment of Chinese history, with much to offer prospective readers. ~--Steve Weingartner

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Born in South Dakota, John King Fairbank attended local public schools for his early education. From there he went on first to Exeter, then the University of Wisconsin, and ultimately to Harvard, from which he received his B.A. degree summa cum laude in 1929. That year he traveled to Britain as a Rhodes Scholar. In 1932 he went to China as a teacher and after extensive travel there received his Ph.D. from Oxford University in 1936. Between 1941 and 1946, he was in government service---as a member of the Office of Strategic Services, as special assistant to the U.S. ambassador to China, and finally as director of the U.S. Information Service in China. Excepting those years, beginning in 1936, Fairbank spent his entire career at Harvard University, where he served in many positions, including Francis Lee Higginson Professor of History and director of Harvard's East Asian Research Center. Fairbank, who came to be considered one of the world's foremost authorities on modern Chinese history and Asian-West relations, was committed to reestablishing diplomatic and cultural relations with China. He was also committed to the idea that Americans had to become more conversant with Asian cultures and languages. In his leadership positions at Harvard and as president of the Association for Asian Studies and the American Historical Association, he sought to broaden the bases of expertise about Asia. At the same time, he wrote fluidly and accessibly, concentrating his work on the nineteenth century and emphasizing the relationship between China and the West. At the same time, his writings placed twentieth-century China within the context of a changed and changing global order. It was precisely this understanding that led him to emphasize the reestablishment of American links with China. More than anyone else, Fairbank helped create the modern fields of Chinese and Asian studies in America. His influence on American understanding of China and Asia has been profound. (Bowker Author Biography)

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