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The functional consequences of biodiversity : empirical progress and theoretical extensions / ed. Ann P. Kinzig, Stephen W. Pacala, David Tilman

Secondary Author Kinzig, Ann P.
Pacala, Stephen W.
Tilman, David
Country Estados Unidos. Publication New Jersey : Princeton University Press, 2001 Description XXVI, 365 p. : il. ; 22 cm Series Monographs in population biology , 33 ISBN 0-691-08822-5 CDU 574
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Monografia Biblioteca Geral da Universidade do Minho
BGUM 574 - F Checked out 2011-10-24 330486

Mestrado em Ecologia Biodiversidade e Ecologia Funcional 1º semestre

Mestrado em Biodiversidade, Ecologia e Alterações Globais Biodiversidade, Funcionamento e Serviços dos Ecossistemas 1º semestre

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Enhanced descriptions from Syndetics:

Does biodiversity influence how ecosystems function? Might diversity loss affect the ability of ecosystems to deliver services of benefit to humankind? Ecosystems provide food, fuel, fiber, and drinkable water, regulate local and regional climate, and recycle needed nutrients, among other things. An ecosyste's ability to sustain functioning may depend on the number of species residing in the ecosystem--its biological diversity--but this has been a controversial hypothesis. There are many unanswered questions about how and why changes in biodiversity could alter ecosystem functioning. This volume, written by top researchers, synthesizes empirical studies on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and extends that knowledge using a novel and coordinated set of models and theoretical approaches.

These experimental and theoretical analyses demonstrate that functioning usually increases with biodiversity, but also reveals when and under what circumstances other relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning might occur. It also accounts for apparent changes in diversity-functioning relationships that emerge over time in disturbed ecosystems, thereby addressing a major controversy in the field. The volume concludes with a blueprint for moving beyond small-scale studies to regional ones--a move of enormous significance for policy and conservation but one that will entail tackling some of the most fundamental challenges in ecology.

In addition to the editors, the contributors are Juan Armesto, Claudia Neuhauser, Andy Hector, Clarence Lehman, Peter Kareiva, Sharon Lawler, Peter Chesson, Teri Balser, Mary K. Firestone, Robert Holt, Michel Loreau, Johannes Knops, David Wedin, Peter Reich, Shahid Naeem, Bernhard Schmid, Jasmin Joshi, and Felix Schläpfer.

Table of contents provided by Syndetics

  • Preface (p. xiii)
  • List of Contributors (p. xix)
  • List of Figures (p. xxi)
  • List of Tables (p. xxv)
  • 1. Opening Remarks (p. 1)
  • Part 1 Empirical Progress
  • 2. Biodiversity, Composition, and Ecosystem Processes: Theory and Concepts (p. 9)
  • Introduction (p. 9)
  • Definitions of Diversity (p. 11)
  • Diversity, Productivity, and Resource Dynamics (p. 15)
  • Diversity and Stability (p. 29)
  • Summary (p. 39)
  • Acknowledgments (p. 41)
  • 3. Experimental and Observational Studies of Diversity, Productivity, and Stability (p. 42)
  • Diversity and Stability (p. 43)
  • Diversity, Productivity, and Nutrient Dynamics (p. 49)
  • New Results from the Cedar Creek Biodiversity Experiment (p. 53)
  • Summary and Synthesis (p. 67)
  • Acknowledgments (p. 70)
  • 4. Biodiversity and the Functioning of Grassland Ecosystems: Multi-Site Comparisons (p. 71)
  • Introduction (p. 71)
  • The Biodepth Project (p. 72)
  • Summary of the Biodepth Results (p. 89)
  • Comparisons with Related Studies (p. 89)
  • Summary (p. 94)
  • Acknowledgments (p. 95)
  • 5. Autotrophic-Heterotrophic Interactions and Their Impacts on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning (p. 96)
  • Introduction (p. 96)
  • Fundamentals (p. 98)
  • Fundamental Trophic Structure (p. 101)
  • Heterotrophic Diversity and Ecosystem Functioning (p. 101)
  • Implications for Autotroph-Only Models (p. 112)
  • Discussion (p. 114)
  • 6. Empirical Evidence for Biodiversity-Ecosystem Functioning Relationships (p. 120)
  • Introduction (p. 120)
  • Plant Diversity Effects on Ecosystem Functioning (p. 123)
  • Biodiversity Effects among Trophic Levels (p. 140)
  • Designing Empirical Studies to Measure Biodiversity-Ecosystem Functioning Relationships (p. 141)
  • Acknowledgments (p. 150)
  • 7. The Transition from Sampling to Complementarity (p. 151)
  • Conclusions (p. 165)
  • Part 2 Theoretical Extensions
  • 8. Introduction to Theory and the Common Ecosystem Model (p. 169)
  • The Common Ecosystem Model (p. 171)
  • Summary of the Basic Model (p. 174)
  • 9. Successional Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning (p. 175)
  • Introduction (p. 175)
  • The Successional Niche in a Simple Mechanistic Ecosystem Model (p. 179)
  • Competition-Colonization in a Simple Mechanistic Ecosystem Model (p. 193)
  • Conclusions (p. 212)
  • 10. Environmental Niches and Ecosystem Functioning (p. 213)
  • Introduction (p. 213)
  • Environmental Niches (p. 215)
  • Ecosystem Functioning (p. 223)
  • Discussion (p. 237)
  • Acknowledgments (p. 244)
  • Appendix (p. 245)
  • 11. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning: The Role of Trophic Interactions and the Importance of System Openness (p. 246)
  • Introduction (p. 246)
  • The Sampling Effect Model and Community Assembly (p. 247)
  • Importance of Trophic Complexity and System Openness (p. 248)
  • Toward an Ecosystem Model with Trophic Interactions (p. 250)
  • Discussion (p. 256)
  • Conclusions (p. 259)
  • Acknowledgments (p. 262)
  • Part 3 Applications and Future Directions
  • 12. Linking Soil Microbial Communities and Ecosystem Functioning (p. 265)
  • Introduction (p. 265)
  • Challenges in Linking Microbial Communities and Ecosystem Functioning (p. 266)
  • Linking Microbial Community Composition and Ecosystem Functioning: A Review of Concepts and Models (p. 271)
  • Timeline of Microbial Response: Conceptual Model of Microbial Role in Ecosystem Functioning (p. 278)
  • Conclusions and Future Research Needs (p. 285)
  • Acknowledgments (p. 287)
  • Appendix (p. 287)
  • 13. How Relevant to Conservation Are Studies Linking Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning? (p. 294)
  • Introduction (p. 294)
  • Conservation Philosophies and Ecological Science (p. 295)
  • Studies of Biodiversity-Ecosystem Functioning Relationships: Origins and Recent Critiques (p. 298)
  • Four Unresolved Issues (p. 301)
  • Relating Biodiversity Theory and Experiments to Losses in Biodiversity Caused by Humans (p. 308)
  • Acknowledgments (p. 313)
  • 14. Looking Back and Peering Forward (p. 314)
  • References (p. 331)
  • Index (p. 359)

Author notes provided by Syndetics

Ann P. Kinzig is Assistant Professor of Biology at Arizona State University. Stephen Pacala is Frederick D. Petrie Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Princeton University. G. David Tilman is Distinguished McKnight University Professor of Biology at the University of Minnesota and the author or editor of several books, including Spatial Ecology (Princeton).

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